They both believed in happiness as the ultimate end and purpose of human existence, and both believed in the crucial importance of friendship. The Sophists showed that equally good arguments could be advanced on either side of any issue; they were skeptics who doubted that there could be any certain or reliable knowledge. Epicurus, the founder of Epicureanism, is best known for his different personality, unlike all the other ancient philosophers, excluding Socrates (O 'Keefe). In the Hellenistic Age, epicureanism was extremely influential. Knowledge 2. Epicureanism after Epicurus – The influence of Epicurus on Western thought, Epicurus and Politics: why I think he was wrong, Things You Should Never Post Online but Probably Do, Ways to Check If You’re Visiting a Safe Website, What Teens Shouldn’t Put in Their Social Media Profiles, International Soc. For, Epicureanism is a philosophical theme taught by Epicurus, this theme that stresses the goal of a joyful and a pleasurable life. Dear reader, please be careful about the meaning of “pleasure” in this context. Aristotle also seems to look down a bit on "the masses," as he calls them, and feels they have a different concept of happiness than the philosophers (Aristotle 5). of Friends of Epicurus, Letters on Epicurus: A Dialogue about Happiness. For Aristotle, happiness, in its simples terms, “a happy man, Aristotle would say, is the man who has everything he really needs. Let me know if you have problems. Observing modern day politics it is hard to argue with him. Abstaining from bodily desires The term temperate, as in living a temperate life, means a mild or modest style. Aristotle thought that happiness was not passing pleasure, nor was it virtue, but the exercise of virtue and the perfection of human nature. He begins with a claim familiar from Plato and Aristotle: that we all desire happiness as an end in itself, and all other things are desired as a means for producing happiness. I will now comment on Aristotle: Epicurus may well have derived some of his philosophy from Aristotle (he was 21years old when Aristotle died). e.g. Epicurus was born around 341 B.C.E., seven years after Plato's death, and grew up in the Athenian colony of Samos, an island in the Mediterranean Sea. hanrott.com/blog/epicureanism-after-epicurus-the-influence-of-epicurus-on-western- thought/ “He is happy who lives in accordance with complete virtue and is sufficiently equipped with external goods, not for some chance period but throughout a complete life” (Nicomachean Ethics, 1101a10). Your email address will not be published. While we have lost most of Epicurus’ treatises on ethics and happiness, his basic ideas are very clearly outlined in his justly famous Letter to Menoeceus. This has been a major topic of debate over the centuries, starting with the ideas put forward by Aristotle and Epicurus, both great Greek Philosophers of the Classical Age of Athens. Epicurus viewed happiness or eudaimonia as a static pleasure and believed that pleasure was the greatest good, however to attain this pleasure, you would have to attain tranquility, freedom from fear, and absence of bodily pain. On the other hand, he did praise the friendship and companionship that husband and wife can have in old age. Of course there are many sharp differences as well. As regards prevailing beliefs that Epicures propagated sensual happiness and i.e. If Epicurus and the Stoics converge in their attitude that philosophy is a way of life, they diverge in the further specification on what a happy life consists in. Stoic and Epicurean—two words that do not mean what people think they mean. What we know of Socrates' philosophy is almost entirely derived from Plato's writings. 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