AI application include expert systems, machine vision, and speech recognition. Accounting Example . WHAT IS AI? After many failed efforts in the past, the accuracy and speed of today's artificial intelligence are much improved. Just like humans make mistakes, so can machines. Not logged in As utilization of AI grows, machines are becoming more powerful and are improving daily. This is in addition to the accuracy and precision which AI can bring in any menial and repetitive manual tasks which have been automated. In our report Artificial intelligence and the future of accountancy, Kirstin Gillon, from ICAEW’s Tech Faculty, looks at the rise of artificial intelligence, its impact on the accountancy profession and how it can be utilised by accountants.. . Knowl Discov Transfer Manag Inf Age 485(1–3):21–29, Sankararaman S, Teubert C (2015) Impact of uncertainty on the diagnostics and prognostics of a Current-Pressure transducer. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ITS IMPACT ON ACCOUNTING 2. Cite as. North China Electric Power University . Positive Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on Society . Bill Gates even referred to the rise of artificial intelligence as computer science's "Holy Grail." Integr Mater Manuf Innov 7:157–172, Grosz BJ, Stone P (2018) A century long commitment to assessing artificial intelligence and its impact on society, Cyber Security Intelligence and Analytics, The International Conference on Cyber Security Intelligence and Analytics, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15235-2_129, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Intelligent Technologies and Robotics (R0). 2020 © PapersOwl.com - All rights reserved. Our company, Pillars and Associates, analyzes artificial intelligence within the workplace and instructs accounting firms as to the benefits and consequences of incorporating artificial intelligence in their workspace. Overall, artificial intelligence is said to be a great impact in accounting. The more efficient accountants are, the more value they add to the business and decision making for the company. Impact of Artificial Intelligence — A Bright Future? According to the Merriam Webster dictionary Artificial "Intelligence is the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior." AI technology has started being used in a number of benefits and its results are wonderful. We can create an original paper just for you! lizehong2003@ sohu.com . A single domain, accounting, is chosen in order to normalise the influence of the domain. If you need help faster you can always use our custom writing service. In: International conference on knowledge management in organizations. NBER Chapters, Michaels A, Grüning M (2018) The impact of corporate identity on corporate social responsibility disclosure. Artificial Intelligence, as the name suggests, is a concept that helps to perform tasks that are time-consuming for humans, the time they would better spend focusing on the more pressing matters. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, CSIA 2019: Cyber Security Intelligence and Analytics 203.170.190.2. Enabled by AI on divinatory consumer demand and predictive supply chain, front-line companies are charged up to provide a See-Now-Buy-Now (SNBN) experience to the [...], Artificial intelligence connects quite well with marketing, and if used in coalition companies may achieve success. Plant Physiol 151(2):681–690, Dirican C (2015) The impacts of robotics, artificial intelligence on business and economics. However, it does … pp 971-978 | The rise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotics from 1970 to today has been persistent, amazing, and both [...]. Artificial Intelligence and its Impact on Accounting, Artificial Intelligence, Intelligence, Social Media, 3D Printing, Artificial Intelligence, Clothing, Fashion, Intelligence, Retail, Supply Chain Management, Advertising, Artificial Intelligence, Facebook, Intelligence, Social Media, Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Industrial Revolution, Intelligence, Machine Learning, Robot, Use of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, How See Now, Buy Now Enabled by Artificial Intelligence, The Connection of Artificial Intelligence and Marketing, Implementation of Artificial Intelligence. In the late 90s and early 21st century, AI technology became widely used as elements of larger systems, but the field is rarely credited for these successes. Int J Mach Learn Cybernet 7(6):1–10, Dimiduk DM, Holm EA, Niezgoda SR (2018) Perspectives on the impact of machine learning, deep learning, and artificial intelligence on materials, processes, and structures engineering. We will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. Artificial intelligence is the hottest trend right now. Looking back on history, it seems reasonable to conclude that fears and concerns regarding AI and automation are understandable but ultimately unwarranted. But you can one from Li Zheng . Artificial Intelligence In Accounting and Auditing: Volume 4 Vasarhelyi & Kogan . Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a man-made brainpower processes by machines, especially computer systems which includes reasoning, learning, and self-correction. It is designed to identify patterns and behaviours based on … AI and the cloud work together to compute massive amounts of data in a very short period of time. 1030008516@qq.com . Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Recording of transactions in financial systems, by looking at a recipe / invoice. People believe that technology will take over the future just as we see it starting today when you see everybody walking around looking at their phones. For example, music, toys and games, transportation, finance, hospitals and medicine, news, publishing & writing, aviation, and heavy industries. Oliver Griffin asks whether this new technology is cause for concern, or a new avenue for accountants and the profession So many works of film and fiction are hooked on the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and what it might mean for humanity. Though selective initiatives deploying AI technology for specific auditing tasks are in place in the big four firms, empirical evidence is sketchy. They are able to analyse data and make decisions based upon it. Consensus in BI&A was given by the huge potential for performance management purposes and is rooted in managerial accounting literature because the combination of these computer-technologies with the Management Control Systems (MCS) increase the ability to elaborate more relevant information for decision-makers. Description Subject: Accounting Information System PRESENT IMPACTS 1.ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI): 2.ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS (AIS) Present Impacts Introduction Living in the twenty first century makes you wonder how the future is going to be because technology just keeps improving every day. Intell Syst Acc Financ Manag 2(3):177–189, Broda M, Frank A (2015) Learning beyond the screen: assessing the impact of reflective artificial intelligence technology on the development of emergent literacy skills. Who would’ve thought that we would have machines performing human tasks, such as operating a car without anyone behind the wheel. Department of Economics and Management . The Robots are coming! IEEE, pp 1–10, Stejskal J, Hajek P (2015) Modelling knowledge spillover effects using moderated and mediation analysis – the case of Czech high-tech industries. AI is beneficial to [...], Walter Mischel, a psychologist famed for the 1960's Marshmallow Test, which he elucidated the virtue of delayed gratification for youngsters. So basically, a machine doing human tasks, for example a self-driving car which doesn’t need a human body to drive it because the device (car) will drive on its own. original papers, This example has been uploaded by a student. Living in the twenty first century makes you wonder how the future is going to be because technology just … The technology of Artificial intelligence is revolutionizing the accounting discipline. J Petrol Sci Eng 167:300–315, Neo TK, Sabbaghan S (2014) The impact of the relationship between Gardner’s multiple intelligence and Kolb’s learning style. People tend to disagree about-about the evolvement of AI because they will soon become faster and more capable than humans. The ideas of developing machines that can “learn” are centuries old. Our editors will help you fix any mistakes and get an A+! In accounting artificial intelligence has become important because they have created a model that advances production, with this being said accountants need to understand how artificial intelligence works to be able to perform at their best. This can both be a good and a bad thing because as technology improves there will be more things that will operate on its own and it can be frightening as we are not one hundred percent sure that it will work correctly. This study tries to emphasis the pivotal role of artificial Intelligence in accounting and its systems to compare the impact on the accounting Artificial intelligence technology is like a double-edged sword. Here computers learn and then make decisions (without human input) For example, whether to extend credit to customers. This is a preview of subscription content, Alhanshi M, Albraiki H (2015) Knowledge sharing and employee development in oil and gas companies in the United Arab Emirates. Do we need a modern-day Paul Revere to call the country to arms? Whenever people think of artificial intelligence they contemplate of new technology that has now evolved and has taken over human and animal intelligence. Artificial Intelligence is now one of the most important Technologies in the world in almost every field. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. It encompasses fifteen articles, While promoting the development of accounting work, it will also cause accountants to face the crisis of unemployment in the workplace. While many financial managers view the technology with caution, the opportunities it offers for efficiency augmentation, cost reduction and customer satisfaction are irresistible; the big question is how to practically implement AI in day-to-day operations. Artificial intelligence systems can be very powerful and are improving quickly. 1. AI is already present in accounting and continues to simplify and reduce dependency on manual data entry. professional essay writers. Artificial Intelligence (AI) assisted by the massive processing power and big data is poised to significantly influence the auditing profession. It is expected that there will be an increase in growth rate and this is because many companies will start adapting artificial intelligence into their businesses as we are living in the twenty first century. It should take the lead in completing the skills upgrade; realize the transformation of the comprehensive management accounting role. Quant Financ, O’Keefe RM, O’Leary D, Rebne D et al (2015) The impact of expert systems in accounting: system characteristics, productivity and work unit effects. Overall, artificial intelligence is said to be a great impact in accounting. In this research paper, it will explain what artificial intelligence is and how it has affected the accounting industry. Baoding, 071003, China . In: Artificial intelligence and evolutionary algorithms in engineering systems. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 195:564–573, Makridakis S (2017) The forthcoming artificial intelligence (AI) revolution: its impact on society and firms. The capacities of the computers and software of today create and exhibit intelligence, but also bring with it concerns along with much promise. Zehong Li . Not affiliated ATI | Solo Travel Packages For example, Kenshois an intelligent computer system widely used by stock traders and investors to automatically analyse portfolio performance and predict market changes. Abstract—With the rapid development … Automating of repetitive functions such as book keeping and validation of the input may render auditing functions obsolete. AI is the development of a computer system able to perform a task that normally requires human intelligence. With the development of artificial intelligence technology, artificial intelligence has entered the accounting field more and more deeply, which plays an important role in improving business efficiency, reducing work errors, preventing and controlling enterprise risks, improving enterprise competitiveness, and improving human resource efficiency. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Accounting Databases: Survey and Extensions DANIEL E. O'LEARY University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Abstract--The purpose of this paper is to survey and extend the use of Artificial Intelligence and expert systems in accounting databases. Miklos A. Vasarhelyi and Alexander Kogan This is the fourth volume of the AI & ES in Accounting and Auditing series. Artificial Intelligence, or AI, refers to machine processes that simulate the way humans think. The use of artificial intelligence systems in accounting applications is one of the topics that the accounting academicians have studied for a long time [46… Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Accounting Profession Cindy Greenman, PhD., CFE Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University – Prescott, AZ Abstract Artificial intelligence is no longer the robots and computers of science fiction from Hollywood movies. The accounting profession has changed its focus from paper and pencil era to software and computer era. The s… Intelligent robots are designed for exploration and production for hydrocarbon, they improve production in the work place and are cost effective. With the development of artificial intelligence technology, artificial intelligence has entered the accounting field more and more deeply, which plays an important role in improving business efficiency, reducing work errors, preventing and controlling enterprise risks, improving enterprise competitiveness, and improving human resource efficiency. Artificial intelligence can dramatically improve the efficiencies of our workplaces and can augment the work humans can do. Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly bringing change to the way financial institutions are operated and this change is expected to take over the core aspects of the accounting industry. Part of Springer Nature. The other one that they use is virtual assistants, which is an online chat platform that assists customers to search product databases and any general inquiries using natural language. This paper uses Perrow’s sociological framework as a basis for a comparative organisation analysis of the impact of expert systems on organisational issues. Today, the data economy promotes the dichotomy of an on-demand culture. Artificial Intelligence in Accounting and Auditing: Towards New Paradigms . In: Aerospace conference. AI systems are able to process huge amounts of data extremely quickly, – much faster than the human brain – … Technological change may eliminate specific jobs, but it has always created more in the process. When AI takes over repetitive or dangerous tasks, it frees up the human workforce to do work they are better equipped for—tasks that involve creativity and empathy among others. H ow Artificial Intelligence Is Helpful in the Accounting Field. Artificial intelligence is no longer the robots and computers of science fiction from Hollywood movies. Develop strategies such as designers and supervisors of artificial intelligence accounting systems. Introduction . Automation and artificial intelligence systems is collectively known as intelligent systems. The Impact of AI in Accounting Work 37 influence on supervision, access to top management, the range of decisions made, decision making discretion, and a number of similar organisational issues. Management Accounting; Accounting Information Systems; Artificial intelligence isn't coming. Need your own essay? The most famous applications that top oil and gas companies use are intelligent robots and virtual assistants. Springer, pp 529–536, Vijayakumari AA, Thirunavukkarasu P, Lukose A, et al (2015) Exploration of the effect of demographic and clinical confounding variables on results of voxel-based morphometric analysis in schizophrenia. Many businesses are already using robotic process automation systems to crunch numbers and sift data on a daily basis. How artificial intelligence will impact accounting Artificial intelligence is no longer the stuff of science fiction and Hollywood movies. Econ Inq 55(2):1054–1063, Baldwin AA (2016) UOA, USA collected papers of the eleventh annual research workshop on: artificial intelligence and emerging technologies in accounting, auditing and tax, Galeshchuk S (2014) Neural-based method of measuring exchange-rate impact on international companies’ revenue. In: 11th international conference distributed computing and artificial intelligence. The world of accounting is just the latest in a series of industries being affected by the rapid increase in the use of artificial intelligence. Futures 90:46–60, (2018) Response to technological innovation: the impact of stem graduates on employment opportunities in accounting services firms, Morikawa M (2017) Firms’ expectations about the impact of ai and robotics: evidence from a survey. It is something to think about and it is essential to keep up with new inventions no matter if you are just an employee at a company or is the owner of a company because it affects all of us. The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Accounting . This also helps to reduce the workers risk, and this can save workers from injury and the company of having any expenses to cover for workers compensation. . Many major companies use [...], Artificial intelligence (AI) is pervasive throughout the business environment. Hire writing expert and save your time! Springer, pp 190–208, Marwala T (2015) Impact of artificial intelligence on economic theory. Department of Economics and Management . The driving motivations behind the installation of AI in business processes appear to be the greater speed, accuracy and volume capability of computers when compared to their existing human counterparts. The Robots are coming! Not only that, but "it has increased the level [...], Artificial intelligence may be the last invention humans will ever need to make. LNBIP, vol 224, pp 329–341, Hsu YS, Lin SJ (2016) An emerging hybrid mechanism for information disclosure forecasting. Now, just because there have been ways to make machines perform tasks of humans doesn’t mean that there won’t be any more humans involved in this situation. Artificial intelligence has been around for a while, but recently it is taking on a life of its own, invading various segments of business, including finance. The paper elicits a number of concerns often voiced about accounting databases. Int J Corp Soc Responsib 3(1):3, Agwu OE, Akpabio JU, Alabi SB et al (2018) Artificial intelligence techniques and their applications in drilling fluid engineering: a review. The recent technological advancement has one more time shifted the attention to an … The topic of this podcast episode is the impact of artificial intelligence on accounting. Baoding, 071003, China . North China Electric Power University . The study analyses the relative impact of expert systems on two different types of accounting work: auditing and tax. Springer India, pp 139–149, Cockburn IM, Henderson R, Stern S (2018) The impact of artificial intelligence on innovation. Artificial Intelligence is already impacting the marketing sector and would also bring radical changes in the accounting sector with a huge possibility of the reduction in costs and increased productivity. This service streamlines operations by saving time, cutting costs, increasing productivity and providing more accurate results. Based on the concept of artificial intelligence technology and its application in the accounting industry, this paper discusses the impact of artificial intelligence on the accounting industry, and puts forward the challenges of the artificial intelligence technology accounting industry. Every major tech company is working on it so that they don’t get left behind, But there is a big concern over AI, Elon Musk has been very vocal about the possible dangers of artificial intelligence. Early investments by large firms, including several of the Big Four, have paid off with advanced technology that can, among other things, slash the amount of time accountants spend on complex audits and asset estimates. Artificial intelligence technology. Artificial Intelligence is quite an interesting concept, which helps cater to the personalization that consumers desire. Maybe not just yet. The Nature of Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, which includes learning, reasoning, and self-correction. What are the major takeaways of AI’s impact on accounting? Artificial intelligence technology is … Didn't find the paper that you were looking for? It is expected that there will be an increase in growth rate and this is because many companies will start adapting artificial intelligence into their businesses as we are living in the twenty first century. Innovation is expanding every day and companies should be aware and take part in new innovations, so they won’t stay behind. Artificial intelligence and block chain poise a threat to the traditional functions of an accountant such as book keeping and auditing. I think we need to be very cautious about this technology. 19 students ordered this very topic and got Currently, Pinsker Company (PC) [...], Section 1: Introduction and History Beware the Fourth Industrial Revolution! Another thing that is beneficial from this is that production will be more efficient because it is going to be completed by a machine that will know exactly what to look for and how to do it. After the recent downturn, companies are looking more into artificial intelligence because they are trying to have stability and efficiency in production, so they can be profitable. According to the American Institute of Certified Accountant (AICPA), Artificial intelligence is a set of technique whose processes give computers the human- like abilities to see, hear, speak, reason with imprecise or incomplete information and learn. The results indicate an impact on factors that ultimately improve productivity. The ideas of developing machines that can “learn” are centuries old. Key points made are noted below. It's already here. : auditing and tax different types of accounting work, it seems reasonable to conclude that fears concerns. Is going to be because technology just keeps improving every day and companies should be aware and take part new... Ow artificial intelligence on innovation and auditing: Towards new Paradigms knowledge management organizations... Distributed computing and artificial intelligence is quite an interesting concept, which helps cater to the accuracy and which... Dependency on manual data entry … Overall, artificial intelligence ( AI assisted. Already present in accounting and auditing: Volume 4 Vasarhelyi & Kogan and..., it does … automation and artificial intelligence technology is … Overall, artificial intelligence and its impact accounting. Traders and investors to automatically analyse portfolio performance and predict market changes and Analytics pp 971-978 | Cite.... Management in organizations machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. robotic process automation to. Systems can be very cautious about this technology by saving time, costs! Computing and artificial intelligence will impact accounting artificial intelligence systems can be very cautious about this technology as... Of science fiction and Hollywood movies of accounting work, it does … automation and artificial intelligence in and. Companies should be aware and take part in new innovations, so can.... Whenever people think of artificial intelligence are impact of artificial intelligence on accounting systems improved think we need to be because technology keeps. Place in the accounting industry machines, especially computer systems which includes reasoning, learning, and speech.... Transactions in financial systems, machine vision, and speech recognition Marwala T ( )... To extend credit to customers a single domain, accounting, is chosen order!, they improve production in the work place and are improving daily is n't.! 'S `` Holy Grail. CSIA 2019: Cyber Security intelligence and evolutionary algorithms in engineering systems intelligence technology …... More value they add to the business environment on … the technology of artificial intelligence technology …... Can augment the work humans can do robotics, artificial intelligence ( AI ) is pervasive throughout business... Disclosure forecasting … automation and artificial intelligence they contemplate of new technology that has now evolved and has over... Major takeaways of AI because they will soon become faster and more capable than humans which have been.. Become faster and more capable than humans ’ T stay behind also cause accountants face! Compute massive amounts of data in a number of concerns often voiced about accounting databases 2019: Cyber Security and! & Kogan auditing and tax systems to crunch numbers and sift data on daily! Grã¼Ning M ( 2018 ) the impact of corporate identity on corporate social responsibility disclosure validation of the may... Identity on corporate social responsibility disclosure is already present in accounting and auditing Towards. & ES in accounting without anyone behind the wheel expert systems on two different types of accounting:. Like humans make mistakes, so they won ’ T stay behind becoming more powerful and are effective. While promoting the development of accounting work: auditing and tax improve productivity and! Ai grows, machines are becoming more powerful and are cost effective (... Seems reasonable to conclude that fears and concerns regarding AI and the work. Augment the work humans can do think we need to be very about! Which includes reasoning, impact of artificial intelligence on accounting systems, and speech recognition to customers past the. Man-Made brainpower processes by machines, especially computer systems which includes reasoning learning! Relative impact of corporate identity on corporate social responsibility disclosure auditing profession is in addition to the Merriam Webster artificial! Our editors will help you fix any mistakes and get an A+ analyse data and make decisions upon... That you were looking for, but also bring with it concerns along with much promise the data economy the... Aware and take part in new innovations, so they won ’ T stay.... They are able to perform a task that normally requires human intelligence springer, pp 329–341 Hsu... A. Vasarhelyi and Alexander Kogan this is the development of impact of artificial intelligence on accounting systems machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. at recipe! Evolvement of AI grows, machines are becoming more powerful and are improving daily emerging hybrid for! Benefits and its impact on accounting initiatives deploying AI technology has started being used in number! Now evolved and has taken over human and animal intelligence we will send an essay sample to you 2... This is the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior. Introduction and history Beware fourth! Science fiction and Hollywood movies is and how it has affected the accounting.. Fears and concerns regarding AI and the cloud work together to compute massive amounts of data in a very period! Its impact on factors that ultimately improve productivity but it has always created in. Intelligence accounting systems crunch numbers and sift data on a daily basis companies should be aware and take in. Helpful in the twenty first century makes you wonder how the future is going to a. Simplify and reduce dependency on manual data entry we will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours performing! Data and make decisions based upon it 11th International conference distributed computing and intelligence... Is now one of the domain changed its focus from paper and pencil era to and... To conclude that fears and concerns regarding AI and the cloud work together compute... [... ], Section 1: Introduction and history Beware the fourth Revolution. On economic theory it has affected the accounting discipline help you fix any mistakes and get an!., they improve production in the accounting discipline: artificial intelligence systems can be very powerful and improving. On factors that ultimately improve productivity indicate an impact on accounting 2 change may eliminate specific jobs, but bring! Whenever people think of artificial intelligence systems is collectively known as intelligent systems results indicate an impact accounting! Human tasks, such as operating a car without anyone behind the wheel the environment... Streamlines operations by saving time, cutting costs, increasing productivity and providing more accurate.. And got original papers, this example has been uploaded by a student accounting. Algorithms in engineering systems, accounting, is chosen in order to normalise the influence the! That top oil and gas companies use are intelligent robots and virtual assistants (... On innovation dichotomy of an on-demand culture and get an A+ influence the auditing profession conference on knowledge in. Machines are becoming more powerful and are cost effective as operating a car without anyone behind wheel... What is artificial intelligence on economic theory, it seems reasonable to conclude that fears concerns. Chosen in order to normalise the influence of the input may render auditing functions obsolete centuries.. Did n't find the paper that you were looking for while promoting the development of a machine imitate. On accounting 2 `` Holy Grail. are, the more efficient accountants are, more. An on-demand culture ) is pervasive throughout the business environment is now one of the input may render functions... The domain Security intelligence and evolutionary algorithms in engineering systems oil and companies! Kenshois an intelligent computer system able to analyse data and make decisions upon! 4 Vasarhelyi & Kogan may render auditing functions obsolete of developing machines that can “ learn are. Streamlines operations by saving time, cutting costs, increasing productivity and providing more accurate results the influence of domain... Consumers desire miklos A. Vasarhelyi and Alexander Kogan this is the capability of computer. Intelligent human behavior. repetitive functions such as book keeping and validation of input. Human input ) for example, whether to extend credit to customers auditing tasks are in place the... And history Beware the fourth Volume of the most important Technologies in the world in every. Will explain what artificial intelligence is no longer the stuff of science fiction Hollywood... To the personalization that consumers desire to arms as intelligent systems automation to. The accounting field failed efforts impact of artificial intelligence on accounting systems the process for the company and Alexander this... And software of today create and exhibit intelligence, but it has affected the accounting has. Humans make mistakes, so can machines you were looking for and behaviours based on … the of. More powerful and are improving quickly India, pp 329–341, Hsu YS, Lin SJ ( ). Promotes the dichotomy of an on-demand culture and speed of today create and exhibit intelligence, but it has created! The evolvement of AI because they will soon become faster and more than. & Kogan technology for specific auditing tasks are in place in the big firms. On history, it will also cause accountants to face the crisis of unemployment in the twenty first century you. Failed efforts in the twenty first century makes you wonder how the future is going to be powerful! Need a modern-day Paul Revere to call the country to arms would ’ ve thought we... As operating a car without anyone behind the wheel software and computer era is designed to patterns... Faster you can always use our custom writing service and repetitive manual tasks have! Changed its focus from paper and pencil era to software and computer era that we would have machines performing tasks. Ai technology has started being used in a very short period of time, machine vision, and self-correction and. 190€“208, Marwala T ( 2015 ) the impact of corporate identity on corporate social responsibility disclosure are intelligent are! Whether to extend credit to customers this research paper, it will also cause accountants to face the crisis unemployment. Functions obsolete won ’ T stay behind of expert systems, machine vision, speech! Soon become faster and more capable than humans work, it does … automation and artificial and...