There are many interesting and beautiful Egyptian animals – from birds and small mammals to big mammals and sea creatures. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Long-eared hedgehog is native to Egypt, Libya, Central Asia, and the Middle East. In Egypt they live in the national parks in green areas where grass and insects are found. Answer to: What animals are native to Egypt? They live in the scrublands of Eastern Africa and are not commonly seen by humans in Egypt. They feed mainly on dead animals, but also prey on small mammals, birds, reptiles and insects as well. They use their large ears to control their body temperature as well to hear predators from a far distance. During the night they go food hunting – mainly for ants and termites that they dig out using their powerful legs and sharp claws. New Proof That Ancient Egyptians Bred Birds Of Prey. Nubian ibexs are recognized by their long thin horns that can grow up to 1 m in length. Most of the tail is naked, except a tuft of hair at the tip. These animals once roamed the western and eastern deserts of the Sinai in large populations, but today there are fewer than 1,000 remaining in the wild. The majestic steppe eagle is the national animal of Egypt. The cats are mostly found in the southeast of the country. One type is the temple animal. How It Works Magazine. Greater Egyptian jerboas are recognized by their short forelimbs and large hind legs. 15 World's Cutest Endangered Animals (15 Pics) Thousand Wonders. 4. Desert Animals Farm Animals Striped Hyena Nile River Cruise Sand Cat Desert Climate Desert Environment Sea Cow Desert Plants. They live in rock crevices to easily escape predators. They have a patterned skin of yellow, pale grey, pale brown, pinkish or reddish color. The hyrax is an exceptionally adaptive animal that can survive in tropical and desert climates as long as it can find food and shelter. Wildlife of Egypt, its animals and birds, rare plants and gigantic reptiles. The rock or cape hyrax is native to sub-Saharan Africa except for Madagascar and the Congo basin. Another animal special to Egyptians since ancient times is the cat. They mainly feed on termites and can eat up 250.000 termites during one night with their long sticky tongues. [1] Egypt is home to many desert animals such as camels and sand cats. The vast range of animals found in ancient Egypt not only contributed to creating its language and religion, but they were also a mainstay of its economy, and played key roles in daily life, ranging from providers of food to companionship. The caracal is a member of the felines and makes sounds common with felines, but the animal is known to bark when threatened by a predator. They can grow up to 3 m (9.8ft) in body length and weight more than 250 kg (551 lb). It is sometimes referred to as the “sea cow” or the “sea camel”. Nor does the country have many endemic species, these being limited to the Egyptian weasel, pallid gerbil, Mackilligin's gerbil (this may possibly extend into the Sudan), Flower's shrew, Camels are the most famous among Egyptian animals and are known for being big animals with humps on their backs. With some knowledge, common sense, and respect for these animals you’re going to be just fine in the wilderness of Egypt. They have a pale sand-colored fur which works as a camouflage in the desert – that’s also one of the reasons they’re not seen that often by humans. The Dorcas gazelle is native to the desert and semi-desert of Egypt and the Middle East. The striped hyena is still found in some parts of Egypt although the population is gradually declining and has been listed as near threatened by the IUCN. In Egypt they’re called el-ṭorîsha (حية الطريشة). About the size of a domestic cat they are well furred, with rounded bodies and a stumpy tail. The description of each animal will tell you if it is native, or if it has simply migrated to Egypt. There are about 28 protected animal sanctuaries in the country ranging from wetlands, coastal environments, geological formations and national parks. These animals performed the same function as cult statues, and were considered vessels through which the gods could make their wills manifest. Egypt used to be covered with lush forests and teeming with hundreds of different wild species, from elephants and giraffes to lions; and many types of gazelle; and even gerbils. At one time Egypt had a cooler, wetter climate than it has today; ancient tomb paintings show giraffes, hippopotamuses, crocodiles and ostriches, and the petroglyphs at Silwa Bahari on the upper Nile, between Luxor and Aswan, show elephants, white rhinoceroses, gerenuk and more ostriches, a fauna akin to that of present-day East Africa. These animals lived in or near a temple and were distinguished by special markings. Although there are a few dangerous animals in Egypt it’s not so common that people get killed by them. Animals in Egypt Domestic animals include buffalo, camels, donkeys, sheep, and goats, the last of which are particularly noticeable in the Egyptian countryside. It is one of the largest crocodiles, growing to lengths up to 6 metres (20 feet) and a mass of more than 1,000 kg (about 2,200 pounds). This means that they do not prey on large animals, but on insects and larvae. Sometimes just a few parts of the body turn blue, while the other stay the normal color. Camels are one of the most notable animals found in Egypt. Fat sand rats are usually found in sandy deserts or rocky terrains in Egypt. The Egyptian mongoose, as its name would suggest, can be found throughout Egypt, although the desert is not the ideal habitat for these animals. Caracal. The caracal can be found roaming the eastern and northern deserts of Egypt although their number is meagre. Known as the “piranha of Africa,” the giant tigerfish is one of several fish species … Other threats include habitat loss, poaching and … The long-eared hedgehog is a smaller species of the hedgehog. They are around 65-75 cm (2.1-2.6 in) at the shoulder and weight around 50 kg (110 lb). Animal care flourished in Egypt where medical diviners tended to sacred animals, fattening them for slaughter for human consumption and sacrifices to the gods. Unlike many species on this least, the Egyptian mongoose is a species of least concern. Download Image. This is an animal that’s often referred as the African lynx, Persian lynx, or desert lynx, although it’s not a lynx at all. This hedgehog is distinguished from other species of hedgehogs because of its small size and long ears. Its tail is … They’re common in the hot and dry deserts of Egypt and the Middle East. Their fur have a light tan color and their underparts are white. For example, the Apisbull, who lived at Memphis, was a bull with a white triangle on its forehead, a crescent moon on its chest and another on its flanks, and double hairs, black and white, in it… They have different cobra and viper snakes with strong poison that you should be careful about. It’s adapted to the desert and is often seen in plains and steppe areas. This is one of the animals in Egypt that’s native to the desert and semi-dests of the … They are highly adaptive rodents and can sometimes be found in wetlands along the coast. Access to cars is limited due to the danger of many animals, and in some cases it is permitted to walk according to the gravity of the animals. They mainly feed on insects but can also eat a variation of plants. Like camels, sand cats can live for a very long time without access to any water. They kept animals such as cattle, goats, pigs, ducks, cows, and geese. It looks like a rodent but is actually related to the elephant. It has a pointy snout, small ears and no fur around their eyes. It weights between 4-5 kg (9-11 lb) and has a short tail and ears. This is a small old world vulture that’s known under the names white scavenger vulture and pharaoh’s chicken. This is another species of rodent among the Egyptian animals. Egypt’s national bird is large with brownish underparts and blackish flight feathers. In the Red Sea, the dugong is mainly found in the Egyptian regions of Marsa Alam and Abu Dabbab. In Egypt there are both lion fishes, scorpionfishes, torpedo rays, conus geographus (an animal that lives inside a shell), and sharks. This is no doubt one of the most interesting animals in Egypt. Camels are well-suited to the desert environment as they can go ten days without drinking. Many of the animals are shy, which means that they’re not commonly seen in the wild. 5. The dugong in this region attracts thousands of tourists especially those interested in diving and snorkeling. The Dorcas gazelle inhabits the coastal plains and stony deserts of Egypt where they have adapted to feeding on the seeds of acacia trees and desert plants. Yes, there are a few dangerous animals in Egypt that you should know about before traveling. They also had bulls and cows, which provided milk, meat, and hides. Aardwolf is the same family as hyena and is an insectivorous animal. Native Animals To Egypt. Animals helped them with jobs like trampling in the seeds, pulling the plough, eating unwanted grain or wheat and providing the Egyptians with food and drink. Today they are vulnerable and it’s believes to be around 1200 Nubian ibexs left in the wild. In Egypt, the leopard is found in the Sinai Peninsula. They kept goats, pigs, ducks, cows, geese, and cattle. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Geography Of Egypt: The Climate And The Natural Regions Of Egypt, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa. Camels are well-known for their distinctive "humps", which are actually large fatty deposits and not at all filled with water, contrary to popular belief. Arabian Leopard (Panthera pardus nimr) The Arabian leopard is a critically endangered species native to the mountain uplands and hilly steppes of the Arabian Peninsula. The Aardvark is probably one of the most funny-looking animals in Egypt. The greater Egyptian jerboa is a species of rodent found in the dry and sandy landscapes of Egypt. One animal, special to Egypt, lives at the base of the mountains is the Hyrax. Facts about animals in Ancient Egypt Although many of the animals in Egypt were associated with certain gods, goddesses and characteristics, many of them were also used for practical purposes. Down below you have a cute video of sand cat kittens spotted in the wild, which is very rare. It is known as the rock hyrax because it prefers living in rocks since it cannot dig its own burrows. Their fur have a sandy/yellowish-brown color and their underparts are white. Egypt Wildlife & Nature. Information about Natural Reserves, Egypt protectorates and flora and fauna. The dugong is a distant cousin of the manatee. However, there are some animals in Egypt that you can be lucky to spot during your trip. It is categorized as a threatened species in North Africa. Bast had a cat’s head and Sobek had a crocodile’s head for example. It’s recognized by its sharp horns above the eyes, and is known to be one of the most dangerous animals in Egypt. It’s a medium-sized nocturnal mammal that’s recognized by its long ears and pig-like snout that they use to sniff out food. The caracal is sometimes referred to as the African, Persian, or desert Lynx although it is not a lynx. They can do this since they obtain all needed moisture from the plants they eat. At the base of their long tails they have several venomous barbed stingers. Farming Animals: Animals were very important to Egyptian farmers. The rock hyrax is active during the morning and evening, but this is something that can change with climate and season. The Saharan horned viper is around 30-60 cm (12-24 in), but can reach a length of 85 cm (33 in). There were three types of sacred animal in ancient Egypt. They’re such majestic animals! The hyrax feeds on grass, fruits, insects, lizards, and bird eggs. Egyptian Mongoose. The lizard normally have a boring brown color, but during breeding season the males turn into a beautiful blue color to attract females. The largest population of this animal is found in the northern coast of Australia, but they are spread along the Persian Gulf and the red sea. Camels live for an average of 40 to 50 years. This is an Egyptian animal that can be found in the biggest parts of the country, however, not in the desert. The belly is white, the tail have a black tip and they also have semi-rectangular blotches that run down their bodies. It’s a wild cat that lives in the deserts of Egypt, as well as other countries in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and India. Hyena. The sand cat is one of the cutest wild animals in Egypt, and also one of the shyest. Leave a comment below! The concentrating body fat in their humps helps them to survive in hot climates and they can go 10 days without drinking water. They have a reddish-orange fur with pale underside, grey legs with pal feet and black soles. Do you have any other questions about the wild animals in Egypt? In Egypt, the hyrax is mainly found closer to the oasis, or along the banks of the Nile. There are various poisonous snakes as well as scorpions. This is one of the animals in Egypt that’s native to the desert and semi-dests of the country and also the Middle East. They are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally in groups. It’s characterized by its long strong legs and short face with tufted ears. They are a small subspecies of the grey wolf and only get 40 cm (15.7 in) in height and weight around 7-15 kg (15-33 lb). Animals were very important to Egyptian farmers. Although it prefers feeding on insects, the hedgehog may also feed on plants and small vertebrates. The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. They’re the smallest canine species but have the largest ears comparing to their body size. Egypt Thing Link Assignment. This bird belongs to the family of Accipitridae. They are picky about their food and only eat stems and leaves of plants from the amaranth family. The golden spiny mouse is one of the smallest animals in Egypt with a body length of 11 cm. Horses, Camels, Buffalos and Donkeys are the most prevalent animals to be found here. They have a light grey fur, only four sharp teeth, and claws on their feet that they use to dig long underground tunnels. Most of the species in Egypt are common to the Asian and Arabian countries such as Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Copyright 2018 | christineabroad.com - Travel Blog | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Siteground |, Camel – One of the most famous animals in Egypt. The humps are actually large fatty deposits, and are not filled with water as many people believe. Egypt is home to many desert animals such as camels and sand cats. The golden spiny mouse is also recognized by the small white spots under their eyes. Unique nature of the Nile and Red Sea National parks. Learn about all the amazing animals in Egypt. The Cerastes cerastes is also known as the Saharan horned viper or the horned desert viper. Donkeys were used to help in the fields. Known as one of the most elusive of all the feline species, sand cats are said to be endangered within Egypt. Instead, they prefer to live in areas with easy access to water such as forests. As humans evolved and the geography of Egypt changed to the mostly desert landscape we see today, many of these animals have disappeared. They are native to Africa and the Middle East. The ancient Egyptians were very sensitive to the characteristics of the animals: Anubis, who was a jackal (dog) weighed the heart of the dead for Osiris; any dog owner today will tell you that dogs can see the true heart and intent of a person. When going diving in the ocean outside Egypt you might be lucky to spot a spotted eagle ray. The fat sand rat has gotten its name due to the fact that it easily gets obese and develops diabetes when on a typical rodent diet. They are around 13 cm (5 in) long + a tail of 20 cm (8 in). Cats in Ancient Egypt. 10 Animals Native to Egypt. As for the animals out in the wild, the Egyptians knew of lions, cheetahs, wolves, antelope, wild bulls, hyenas, jackals, wolves, snakes, the mongoose and desert hares. In Africa, the first open zoo in Egypt and the Middle East was opened in 2004. Ancient Egyptians believed their gods had intricate connections with the four elements of air, earth, water and fire, to nature and to animals. Here’s a list of 21 Egyptian animals that you can see in the wild: The rock hyrax, also known as cape hyrax or rock badger, is a small mammal native to the Middle East and Africa. They are also key indicators in our understanding of the changing environment. They were once found in large populations along the Nile valley and the Nile delta from where they occasionally strayed into town in search of food, but they are currently barely seen even in the wild. It looks very similar to the Golden jackal in appearance, but the African golden wold has a more pointed nose and sharper teeth. 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