According to NPIN, Solidago caesia has special value to native and honey bees, and supports conservation biological control by attracting beneficial insects to the garden. Plants tolerate loamy, clay or rocky soils. Blue-stem goldenrodNews Flash: Not all goldenrods flowers cause allergies. Flower Type: Golden flowerheads appear at the axils of the middle to upper leaves in August to September, in clusters of 1 – 12 and sometimes at the end of the central stem … Every autumn Solidago spp. Bluestem Goldenrod is a Wildlflower in the Asteraceae family. ... (Solidago caesia) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Solidago caesia … Stems are green and smooth when young becoming bluish or purplish with age. As I was writing this post I remembered that I’d seen a similar plant in an area where I have clay soil, full sun and a drainage issue. In dense shade stems may arch or bend so that pruning may be needed. In order to identify some species, you will need to look for hairs on the seeds. Solidago, commonly called goldenrods, is a genus of about 100 to 120 species of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae.Most are herbaceous perennial species found in open areas such as meadows, prairies, and savannas. Herbarium Name Used: Solidago caesia L. x latifolia L. 2/7/2009 - David Werier Tompkins: 1915: BH – BH 000 010 770 Herbarium Name Used: Solidago caesia L. x latifolia L. 2/7/2009 - … Home » Asteraceae » Solidago: Solidago caesia L. Common Name: BLUESTEM GOLDENROD: Coefficient of Conservatism: 6 Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Nt P-Forb. Phonetic Spelling so-li-DAY-go Description. In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower. The plants that do cause allergies and hayfever have lightweight wind borne pollen that is easily inhaled. Solidago caesia Growing and Maintenance Tips. The flowers are done and seeds are forming (mid September). Many insects find this Goldenrod a source of nectar and pollen. $ 4.25. Solidago caesia is one of the most elegant of goldenrods. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod Solidago caesia Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial wildflower is about 1½–3' tall and either unbranched or sparingly so. This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp. caesia L. Solidago caesia var. Wreath Goldenrod features small yellow flowers, which bloom August-September. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. smooth, slender, stalkless, toothed, sharply pointed lance-shaped leaves with feather veins; tapers at both ends. Solidago caesia Common Name: Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod Plant Type: perennial Family: Aster family (Asteraceae) Height: 1½–3' Bloom color: golden yellow Bloom Time: late summer into fall Sun: medium shade to partial sun Water: mesic to dry-mesic This distinctive goldenrod is both elegant and shade tolerant. Goldenrods — Blue-stem goldenrod (Solidago caesia) Seeds. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Songbirds eat the seeds. From August through early autumn, this handsome native is covered with clusters of tiny daisy-like flowers that bloom all along the blue-green stems (thus the name). Propagate by seed or division. Solidago caesia forma axillaris Solidago caesia Linnaeus, forma axillaris (Pursh) House, Bull. asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) ex DC. The stem leaves are alternate gradually becoming smaller as the stems rise. The flower nectar provides an important food source for native bees, honeybees, and butterflies. I planted it in the most impoverished clay soil, though certainly well drained. Small clusters of bright yellow flowers form in the leaf axils for about half the stem's length. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Solidago lateriflora Raf. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. The central stem usually leans over to one side; it is terete, glabrous, and light green while young, however sometimes it becomes blue-gray or burgundy-gray and glaucous with age. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. This one is a fine cut flower, is attractive to many insects, and the seeds are popular with birds. Solidago caesia. It is found in open woods and … Plants grow 1.5-3’ tall with 1-1.5’ spread. Wreath Goldenrod does not spread aggressively, as do some other species of goldenrod. $3.00. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. How many years will it be until I may see flowers. They are oblong and sessile with smooth to toothed edges. This plant blooms its showy cluster in the late fall. Cool temperatures and low humidity are good for seeds because they slow down respiration and keep disease-causing fungi from developing. Songbirds eat the seeds. Solidago caesia and S. flexicaulis are woodland goldenrods with flowers that originate in the leaf axils. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Solidago caesia L. – wreath goldenrod Subordinate Taxa. A lovely goldenrod for shady gardens and landscapes. $3.00 - $50.00. Solidago, or Goldenrod, is a genus of herbaceous perennials in the aster family with up to 120 species and numerous cultivars.Goldenrod is easy to grow in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun. are wrongfully accused of causing allergies. Tolerant of poor, dry soils and is somewhat drought tolerant once established. They are mostly native to North America, including Mexico; a few species are native to South America and Eurasia. It forms attractive loose clumps with arching stems and long, thin leaves. Seeds are alive, so they must germinate and begin photosynthesizing before their stores of energy are used up. Lower leaves are up to 5” long and ¾” across. Blooms from August to October. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Solidago caesia, commonly called blue-stemmed goldenrod or wreath goldenrod, is a Missouri native woodland perennial which occurs in woods, bluff ledges and bluff bases in the southern Ozark regions of the State.Typically grows 1.5-3' tall on arching, glabrous, wiry, greenish-purple stems which are covered with a silvery-white waxy bloom that can be rubbed off. It can form small colonies, but is not remotely invasive. Its blueish to purplish, gently arching stems are covered in their entirety with loose clusters of bright yellow flowers, the highest concentration of which occurs toward the tips. Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod is a well-behaved woodland species. Bluestem goldenrod is moderately deer resistant. Noteworthy Characteristics. S. flexicaulis occurs in lower woods and wider leaves with petioles and both terminal and axillary inflorescences. [ Reply to this comment | ] Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 23, 2018 12:03 PM Nat. Hist. Wreath Goldenrod, Bluestem Goldenrod, Woodland Goldenrod, Axillary Goldenrod. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of pollen. Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) This plant has no children Legal Status. Solidago caesia is drought tolerant and somewhat unpalatable to deer and rabbits. are wrongfully accused of causing allergies. If a substitute is needed, Solidago flexicaulis is another woodland goldenrod with similar height and habitat needs. Fertile florets mature into small oblong achenes. Plants host caterpillars of several moth species. Scientific Name: Solidago caesia: Synonym: Family: Asteraceae: Common Name: Blue-stemmed Goldenrod: Authority: Linneaus: Etymology: Solidago = Latin for "to heal" and caesia = Latin for "light blue" Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. FIRST IMPRESSIONS:  Solidago caesia is a perennial wildflower with arching blue-green stems. Solidago caesia var. This one does not!Every autumn Solidago spp. They can be grown in either sunny or partially shaded parts of the garden that have good drainage. Blue to purple stem; 2-5 in. 1923. 243/244: 62. N.C. The goldenrods are insect pollinated and have heavy sticky pollen. Scattered clusters of tiny yellow flowers with 3-5 rays form in axils of leaves along the length of the stem with terminal clusters being the largest. In October, delicate arching stems are covered with tiny yellow flower clusters that attract fall pollinators. Bloom Time: August to early fall. 910 Kings Highway Woodstown, NJ 08098 Indigenous plants occur in open upland woods, shaded bluffs, slopes of wooded ravines and rocky cliffs. Flowering and form are best with 3 hours or so of sun. 2010 – Bluestem Goldenrod. Missouri Botanical Garden webpage for Solidago caesia . Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Solidago caesia In early autumn, this species produces elegant, wand-shaped flowerheads atop wiry stems with blue-green, linear leaves. This goldenrod is usually found in quality upland woods where oaks or other deciduous trees dominate. S. caesia. Our goldenrod varieties are insect pollinated and have heavy sticky pollen. Solidago caesia has Showy Blooms and can be used in Cottage Gardens, Deer Resistant Plantings, Water-wise Landscapes, Low Maintenance Plantings, Meadows, Perennial Borders, Roadsides and Restoration Projects. Genus: Solidago goldenrod. From late summer into fall plants are graced with yellow axillary flower racemes. Note that the stem is not blue on this plant. HABITAT & HARDINESS:  Solidago caesia occurs through central and eastern North America from Quebec and Ontario to Florida and Texas. It is an herbaceous perennial that grows 3 feet tall with showy clusters of yellow flowers that hug greenish-purple stems in the summer and early fall. Once sown, lightly cover the golden rod seeds. All Images Enlarge Image. simplex, Perdita (Perdita) octomaculata, Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosus, Colletes simulans, and Colletes solidaginis. I found this growing under the deck in an area that doesn’t get much sun (and isn’t easy to access). It is a very forgiving plant … Plants are tough and adaptable prospering in part sun or part shade with mesic or average soil. Ranging in height from 1 to 3', it is on the smaller side of what can be expected from this genus, and is also well behaved. P: 888-998-1951 | F: 888-998-1952, Get Wild, Grow Native Solidago Species: caesia Family: Asteraceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Central and eastern North America Fire Risk Rating: medium flammability Wildlife Value: This plant supports Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata) larvae. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. These hairs develop early and can even be seen when plants are in flower. Typically growing in part shade at the edges of woodlands, these plants can grow up to 3 feet in height. Songbirds eat the seeds. $3.00 - $10.00. On Oct 24, 2006, solidago_caesia from Pittsburgh, PA wrote: This plant has thrived under fairly challenging circumstances. This speices does not spread as rapidly or aggressively as some other goldenrods. A. Further, I permitted a bean plant to vine over it. Solidago patula Swamp Goldenrod. BASIONYM: Solidago axillaris Pursh 1814. This plant supports Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata) larvae. Solidago is a very versatile wildflower. The stems are clothed in oblong leaves that gradually become smaller as the stems rise. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of late-season pollen. ex Poir. Thanks. Rust can be an infrequent problem. braccata, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensis, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) For more information on this plant, visit the USDA PLANTS Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOCA4, © 2020 | New Moon Nursery, LLC The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Solidago caesia is an interesting goldenrod for a variety of garden styles: open woodland garden, border, cottage or butterfly garden. From late summer to fall, short racemes of 1-12 golden flowerheads occur along the stems in the upper leaf axils. Solidago ulmifolia Elm-leaved Goldenrod. Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS:  Solidago caesia is a woodland goldenrod that prospers in mesic or dry soils. Prefers moist, well-drained soils in part sun to shade. Solidago caesia. New York State Mus. LANDSCAPE USES:  This goldenrod is a good choice for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. All rights reserved. Seed are eaten by songbirds and White-tailed Deer graze on the foliage. Best used at the woodland's edge on in a shaded butterfly or wild garden. The plants that do cause allergies and hayfever have lightweight wind borne pollen that is easily inhaled. This woodland species tolerates some shade, but blooms best in full sun. LANDSCAPE USES: This goldenrod is a good choice for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. Bloom: Late Summer, Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. form a strategic partnership called N.C. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of pollen. COMPANION & UNDERSTUDY PLANTS:  At woods edge try pairing Solidago caesia with Aster cordifolius, Chasmanthium latifolium, Chrysogonum virginianum, Eupatorium colestinum, Heliopsis helianthoides or Amsonia hubrichtii. PLANT DESCRIPTION:  Solidago caesia is a clumping perennial wildflower that branches occasionally in the plant’s upper half. Bluestem goldenrod is a lovely native wildflower with dark green foliage, dark blue stems, and small yellow flower heads. Solidago is very attractive to butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and other small birds because of its sweet nectar and seeds. Individuals occasionally form small colonies from underground rhizomes or self-seeding. The flowerheads are about 1/8’ across and each contains 4-5 ray florets surrounding 4-5 disc flowers. Common names are from state and federal lists. Solidago caesia is an interesting goldenrod for a variety of garden styles: open woodland garden, border, cottage or butterfly garden. Q Peg • May 27 I started Showy Goldenrod seeds this spring and want to set them in the garden soon. How to Grow Golden Rod (Solidago)When growing Solidago plant species such as Golden Rod outdoors from seed then either sow before the last frost of spring or towards the end of autumn. Not only are the flowers beautiful, but the leaves turn from … It works well planted in a native garden, cottage, butterfly, or woodland garden. Go Botany Key to Solidago caesia. ... Not many flowers tolerate dry shade! Through central and Eastern North America from Quebec and Ontario to Florida and Texas insect. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a Grouping or Mass Planting I see. Stem highlights and No petioles into fall plants are also used as butterfly plants. 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