Caution is recommended to minimize seed damage and loss. Some shattering varieties grown in the U.S. include: Margo, Oro, Blanco, Dulce, and Ambia. fertilizer recommendation. ft) 0-15 1.0 15-30 0.7 30-45 0.3 >45 0.0 Phosphorus Recommendations … However, the sesame varieties are usually divided into two types: shattering and nonshattering. The P2O5 and K2O recommendations are for soils testing in the "optimum" range. Check variety - Registered varieties: 5. Shattering sesame varieties are usually swathed green and placed upright in small shocks, about 8 bundles per shock. In 1987, the sesame acreage in this country was less than 2,500 acres, about half of which were in Texas. Nigeria’s sesame production is not without its challenges; one of the major challenges is the lack of mechanized and modern farming techniques. Texas A&M University System. Sesame (Sesamum indicumL. Sesame oil and foods fried in sesame oil have a long shelf life because the oil contains an antioxidant called sesamol. N, P and K Soil Test Interpretations for Lawn and Garden. Once the critical soil test level is reached, fertilizer Figure 1 represents a model for a tri-state fertilizer recommendation by Ohio State University based on stud-ies conducted during a 40-year period. Because protein content and oil content are inversely proportional, seed with an increased oil content has a decreased protein content. However, it requires adequate moisture for germination and early growth and a minimum rainfall of 20 to 26 in. SESACO’s ND sesame changes the way sesame has been cultivated and harvested for 7,500 years. 29-30, 2019. The oil content of the seed tends to increase with increased photoperiod. Seed should be cleaned thoroughly and treated with one ounce of 75% Captan per 100 lb of seed to prevent damping off. Reduce the N to 60 lb/acre for soils with 2% to 5% organic matter and to 40 lb/acre if the soil has more than 5% organic matter. CPR-3882. The development of higher-yielding nonshattering varieties is necessary for sesame to compete with other crops. The fruit is a deeply grooved capsule (1 to 3 in. The most common sesame diseases are leaf spot, leaf and stem blights, Fusarium wilt, charcoal rot and root rot. Iowa State Univ. Performance of shattering and nonshattering lines of sesame in trials conducted in Texas are summarized in Table 1. The bellshaped white to pale-rose flowers begin to develop in the leaf axils 6 to 8 weeks after planting and this continues for several weeks. Sesame is very drought-tolerant, due in part to an extensive root system. The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Since sesame is planted late, several generations of weeds can be killed by repeated tillage before planting. First published October 2015 A fertilizer calibration tool is used to convert the recommendation, expressed as kg of fertilizer per Sesame. 1958. There is great diversity within the several hundred varieties of sesame. Compost and farm manure is also recommended. Regarding fertilization, sesame requires nitrogen, phosphate and potash. Today, India and China are the world's largest producers of sesame, followed by Burma, Sudan, Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela, Turkey, Uganda and Ethiopia. Sesame is not a poor-land crop. ): McGraw-Hill Publishing Company: New York. This study will be repeated in 2011. Mechanical harvesting is more successful with varieties that have minimal branching and a height from the soil surface to the first capsule of about 12 in. 1Departments of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wisconsin- Madison, WI 53706. Sesame has a very low salt tolerance and cannot tolerate wet conditions. 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