Because these nuts are small, are difficult to harvest and can germinate before harvest time, they have limited potential as a commercial crop. Any of several evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Fagaceae, including species in the genera Chrysolepis of western North America and Castanopsis of East and Southeast Asia. In the fall, one to three nuts are produced in a spiny burr, resembling the husk of chestnuts. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Only one species of chinkapin is native to North America. Nuts ripen in September. By cutting the stem at the ground surface, dense thickets can be established within a few years to provide food and cover for wildlife, especially grouse, bobwhite, and wild turkey. The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, Black Walnut Is a Common North American Tree, How to Manage and Identify American Beautyberry, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, How to Identify and Care for a Monkey Puzzle Tree, Grow and Care for Your Own Fringe Tree (Old Man's Beard), Identifying the Yellow Poplar Tree in North America, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The six tree nut allergies most commonly reported by children and adults are allergies to walnut, almond, hazelnut, pecan, cashew and pistachio. Often the burs form in clusters on stems but each bur contains a single, shiny brown chestnut-like nut. Horticulturist Michael Dirr says "Allegheny chinkapin, has entered my plant life since moving south and makes, as I have seen it, a small shrub that could be used for naturalizing and providing food for wildlife.". Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. It is also susceptible to chestnut blight, but some varieties have proven to be more resistant than the American chestnut. The harvest time for Allegheny Chinquapin nuts is during the early Fall. A pretty ornamental in sun or shade, leaves turning bright yellow in fall. Omissions? The burs of chinkapin are normally no more than 1.4 to 4.6 cm in diameter and will split into two sections at nut maturity. The Chinquapin is a sub-species of the Chestnut family. It is native to dry woods and ridges in the Southeastern states, and grows well where summers are hot. Description. It is resistant to the chestnut blight and can usually recover if infected. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the Landscape: Chinquapin is best grown as a specimen tree in drier parts of your garden. Most produce edible nuts, and some are cultivated as ornamental or timber trees. Often the radicle emerges while the nuts are still on the tree. When these burs start to separate and begin changing into a fall yellow color, its time for seed collection. A native bush with small sweet chinquapin nuts. http://www.tytyga.com/product/Wildlife+Chinquapin+Tree Wildlife Chinquapin trees make for great food plot nuts to plant on anyone hunting land. It grows as a small tree or bush. The leaves, flowers and nuts proclaim this tree's close kinship with the chestnut. In the Landscape: Chinquapin is best grown as a specimen tree in drier parts of your garden. Unlike many trees the Ozark Chinquapin nut puts down a taproot in the fall of the year similar to what a white oak acorn does in the fall. They must be picked up every other day. 20% have grown into small trees topping out at 12'. Quercus muehlenbergii is the botanical name for the chinquapin or chinkapin oak tree. 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